Avondefiance Good disease … That’s because the leaves are very bitter due to their high latex content. It can usually last 7–8 days in the fridge. Furthermore, it works well in egg-salad or tuna sandwiches and serves as a great tortilla replacement for wraps. French Crisp or Summer Crisp), Photo © PhotoAlto/Laurence Mouton/Getty Images, Photo © Maximilian Stock Ltd./Getty Images, Photo © Ryoji Yoshimoto/Aflo/Getty Images, 10 Fresh and Tender Spring Greens for Salads, Putting to Rest the Chicory-Endive-Escarole Confusion, Southern Wilted Lettuce Salad With Hot Bacon Dressing. RESUMO When you think of types of lettuce, you might not realize that there are dozens […] Cabbage vs. Lettuce: What’s the Difference? Romaine lettuce is hale and hearty and is the ubiquitous lettuce in a Caesar salad. Most people eat the stem and discard its bitter leaves. Lactuca, commonly known as lettuce, is a genus of flowering plants in the daisy family, Asteraceae.The genus includes at least 50 species, distributed worldwide, but mainly in temperate Eurasia.. Its best-known representative is the garden lettuce (Lactuca sativa), with its many varieties. Loose Leaf Lettuce. It’s easy to grow, dependable, and can be used in so many different ways. It’s high in folate, potassium, antioxidants, and vitamins A and K. Butterhead lettuce gets its name from its characteristically soft, buttery leaves. It is used mainly for salads. The inner layers are soft and have a consistency similar to that of cucumbers. Lettuce varieties fall into two main categories, says Susannah Ball, Product Development Manager at PanAmerican Seed. Lettuce is low in calories and full of antioxidants, water, dietary fiber and essential nutrients. Mesclun Lettuce. different. Crisphead, also known as iceberg or head lettuce, is one of the most widely used lettuces. Let’s learn more about the different lettuce varieties. If working with small heads, use the leaves whole. It may also lower your risk of heart disease and certain cancers, including breast and pancreatic cancer (4, 5, 6, 7). All seeds featured on this site are non-GMO. Bright and peppery, young and tender chrysanthemum greens are a tasty addition to salads. Before we delve deeper and look at some of the delicious varieties of lettuce you can sow now for fall, it’s helpful to discuss the different types of lettuce. You can blanch and braise this dark leaf to tame its intense flavor, but if you like the strong taste, match it with strong acidic and/or pungent dressings. Loose-Leaf Lettuce Varieties. Contrary to popular belief, crisphead lettuce is quite nutritious. Butterhead lettuce adds a mild, sweet flavor to dishes. Give it a few extra swishes in the water to get them clean. The results showed that: (1)the WG 50 treatment significantly increased the chlorophyll content in lettuce shoot and also enhanced the dry weight of lettuce shoot by 3.69% compared with the control. 19 Different Types of Lettuce To Grow . Store butterhead lettuce in a sealable bag in the fridge for 2–3 days, keeping the leaves dry to prevent wilting. Watercress has a bright, peppery flavor prized for salads and gently "wilted" preparations. Summary . You can add it raw to salads, cook it in stir-fries and soups, or spiralize it into crunchy veggie noodles. You can also use its sturdy leaves as a replacement for tortillas in wraps. Last medically reviewed on October 10, 2019, Typically made by combining greens with a dressing and an assortment of mix-ins, salads are an important part of a balanced diet. This twisted, curly, frizzled green is endive, and has all the bright bitterness and delicious crunch that goes along with that family of greens. Mesclun refers to a mixture of different types of leaf lettuce. Tradition says that a shallot vinaigrette brings out the best in mâche. Folate is a B vitamin that can help prevent neural tube defects, which are one of the most common birth defects. Although romaine and iceberg are the most common types, many varieties exist — each with their own unique flavors and nutritional properties. It tends to have a bit of a bitter edge, so know your audience or use them sparingly with other salad greens. Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. Top with a bit of honey mustard vinaigrette or a simple balsamic dressing. One of lettuce’s greatest attributes, however, is how easy they are to grow. What’s more, red romaine boasts high levels of anthocyanins, which give certain vegetables and fruits a reddish-purple color. We broke our list of the best lettuce varieties down in subsections. Loose-leaf lettuce is just that – leaves are cut loose (i.e., not bunched into a head), while Romaine and Crisphead lettuce varieties are (usually) bought as a head. The leaves are either green or shaded to deep red at the edges, and may be ruffled or smooth. Purslane has thick, almost spongy leaves and works well with delicate herb-laced dressings or something bright like a lemon-parsley dressing. Green leaf lettuce in hindi is. crispa) “frissé” were studied. Types of Lettuce. Unlike other lettuces, it doesn’t grow around a head. Types of Lettuce. It’s full of important nutrients, such as fiber, potassium, manganese, and vitamins A and C. While widely used in salads, sandwiches, and wraps, certain kinds can also be cooked. The varieties to the left of the red line show potential for commercial production, while the varieties on the right may not be adequate, based on yield. Mix leaf lettuce (Black-seed Simpson or Oak Leaf) with crisp lettuce (romaine or other crisphead) and accent with fresh herb leaves. ???? 9 Health and Nutrition Benefits of Red Leaf Lettuce. To review the different types, click here and then come back here to see the recommended varieties. Bibb. What they all share is loose leaves that are attached together at the base. Let’s go beyond iceberg and explore the many different types of lettuce and how each one can make a delicious and positive contribution to your next healthy meal or salad bowl. As vitamin C helps increase your absorption, consider eating butterhead lettuce with a food high in this vitamin, such as red peppers (19). Unlike other lettuces, its stem is normally eaten but its leaves discarded. The leaves can be long and spiked or shorter and more rounded, but they all share that dark green color. Characteristics: A type of head lettuce, the leaves of Boston and bibb lettuces are soft. When preparing it, peel the stalk to get rid of the tough outer layer. Iceberg lettuce is the crunchy, pale vegetable you'll often find added to your fast-food burger or salad when you eat out. Gardeners around the world love growing the almost countless varieties and types of lettuce. Here are 5 interesting types of lettuce. Mesclun means "mixed" in Provencal and is traditionally composed of several varieties of wild-harvested, young greens. Home Food and Drink Cooking Types of Lettuce – Different Varieties of Lettuce. Although romaine works well for soups and stir-fries, you should add it near the end of cooking to prevent it from getting too soggy. It ranges in color from yellow to dark green but may also have reddish hues. These antioxidants are associated with a lower risk of heart disease, inflammation, and certain cancers (9, 14). Lately, however, you will find it more and more at farmers markets and specialty stores. Use arugula alone to stand up to tangy dressings such as lemon garlic vinaigrette and bold flavors such as blue cheese, or mix it with other lettuces as an accent note. They are most often served raw along with other vegetables in a salad or in sandwiches or burgers. Little Gem lettuce is soft with just a hint of crunch. He said these variety evaluations need to be done in different regions of the country to see how they perform under different climates. While it looks similar to cabbage, it’s an entirely different species. Due to its sturdy texture, it can even be grilled. List of Lettuce Types. However, in China, a majority of the lettuce produced is utilized for domestic consumption. The outer leaves are thick and crisp with inner shell sweet and juicy with a nutty flavor — most of the varieties falling under this category mature in 55-60 days. ??? Although it is still common lettuce, its two other lettuce varieties called Bibb and Boston are different in texture, flavor, and rarity. Two or three lettuce varieties are good for both taste and texture. The wide range of colors and textures combine to form an outstanding product for the Home, restaurant trade and specialty markets. The growth of three crisp lettuce varieties from different sowing dates - Volume 102 Issue 3 - D. C. E. Wurr, Jane R. Fellows Varieties of crisphead include: ‘Great Lakes’, the classic iceberg-type lettuce, ‘Ithaca’, which is glossy-green, frilled-leaf improved iceberg, and ‘Imperial’ with dark green heads. Keeping this in view, what are different types of lettuce? It grows wild in streams in Northern America and Europe but is easily cultivated with the right irrigation. Keywords: Lactuca sativa L; Soil water moisture; Water balance. Butterhead lettuce is usually deep green, although red varieties exist. Commercially purchased seeds are a blend of leaf lettuce varieties of different colors, textures and flavors. Butterhead lettuce looks different from the other types of lettuce because its leaves are more spread out and have a more grassy appearance. Furthermore, it’s high in vitamin C, which is important for collagen synthesis and immune health (12, 27, 28). There are four main types of lettuce: crisphead (commonly known as iceberg), romaine, loose-leaf and butterhead. Food poisoning can cause unpleasant symptoms ranging from nausea to vomiting. Romaine lettuce is most frequently used in Caesar salads and other salads. Furthermore, butterhead contains higher amounts of iron than other lettuces. Most mesclun sold today is cultivated, meaning planted as beds of mixed lettuce seeds and harvested when the leaves reach the desired size of 3 to 6 inches. https://www.healthyezrecipes.com/types-of-salad-greens.html Does Iceberg Lettuce Have Any Nutritional Benefits? Stem lettuce is popular in Chinese cuisine. Types of Lettuce. To avoid instant wilting, … There are seven main cultivar groups of lettuce, each including many varieties: Leaf – Also known as looseleaf, cutting or bunching lettuce, this type has loosely bunched leaves and is the most widely planted. Interesting Fact: Lettuce is actually part of the daisy family! This article explains the…. But there are many types of lettuces to know -- all with different shapes, sizes and flavors. Their degree of crispness is midway between romaine and butterhead, their taste is mild and delicate. Store stem lettuce in the refrigerator in an airtight bag or container for 2–3 days. Romaine is higher in nutrients than crisphead. Plant seeds to a depth of 1⁄4 to 3⁄8 in; different lettuce types need different spacing, head lettuce generally needing 10 in in-between plants and leaf lettuce 4-6 in. Different types of lettuce are used most often for salads but they show up in recipes for everything from soups and sandwiches and wraps. Larger leaves can be torn into bite-sized pieces when cleaning. Let’s go beyond iceberg and explore the many different types of lettuce and how each one can make a delicious and positive contribution to your next healthy meal or salad bowl. While it’s grown worldwide, China produces the greatest volume — upwards of 66% of the global supply (1, 2). Mesclun is often dressed with a classic French vinaigrette, but it's a forgiving mix that works well with a wide range of dressings. Some might say it's stretching things to include dandelion greens here, but there are people who relish the sharp, bitter hit of raw dandelion. As with mizuna lettuce, oak leaf lettuce is available in many varieties; each variety comes in a different color ranging from green to red to bronze. The base of most green salads is lettuce. It requires extra care when cleaning since sand and grit tend to gather in the nub of roots holding each rosette together. You'll often see it in \"baby lettuce,\" mesclun, and spring mixes because of its tenderness. Butter Lettuce. The FDA has said romaine lettuce grown outside of a target area is not linked to the recent outbreak, and is working toward a program that would…, Packed with nutrients but low in calories, leafy greens are crucial to a wholesome diet. Its leaves have a crumpled look that resembles flower petals. Both green and red types are high in folate, manganese, and vitamins A and K. Yet, red leaf lettuce is higher in antioxidants. It pairs well with most dressings and can enhance the flavor and texture of your salad. Boston and Bibb lettuce are both examples of butterhead lettuce. Here, we break down 13 common varieties and cultivars of lettuce and explore the best ways to use them. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. The lettuce spectrum, ranging from cool and crisp iceberg lettuce to bitter radicchio and peppery arugula, covers many tastes, shades of green (or red! You can learn about specific varieties with this Guide to Lettuce Varieties, but remember that the best lettuce is whole-head or cutting lettuces that are harvested and sold as-is with as little processing as possible.. Lettuce comes in many different varieties and colors. It stays crisp and doesn't bolt (flower) and turn bitter as easily as other lettuces, so is a favorite with summer gardeners who want to keep themselves in lettuce all season long. Probably one of the best known varieties of butterhead lettuce, ‘Bibb’ is named after John B. Bibb, an army officer during the War of 1812. 13. Although crisphead is the least nutritious, all lettuces provide dietary fiber and vitamins A, C and K. The average lettuce has less than 10 calories per shredded cup! Sturdy, crunchy, and packed with nutrition, romaine lettuce makes a hearty salad green. A 3.5-ounce (100-gram) serving provides (10): It’s not only an excellent source of folate and vitamin K but also vitamin A. It’s rich in nutrients, with 3.5 ounces (100 grams) offering (17): This lettuce is a good source of carotenoid antioxidants, such as beta carotene, lutein, and zeaxanthin. Every variety of cabbage and lettuce has a distinct nutritional profile. There are several types or cultivars of lettuce. Mizuna is an Asian variety of mustard greens. The Spruce Eats uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. For this reason, leaf lettuce is generally more perishable than head varieties. 2). Tender stalks and roots are perfectly edible along with the dark green leaves. Different types of lettuce and cabbage contain varying amounts of nutrients. Of course, you can chop up brilliant magenta radicchio or its longer, leaner cousin, Treviso, to put in salads, but speckled radicchio is a real beauty. Molly Watson. It has spiky dark green leaves that have a surprisingly delicate texture and delightfully peppery, even spicy kick. Arugula is also a great way to add a kick to hearty dishes like chicken with bread salad and arugula. Recently, due to its low calorie count and multiple varieties, lettuce has made a huge revolution in dieting trends. You might be amazed at how many different lettuces there are! Romaine lettuce, also known as Cos lettuce, has long, broad, upright leaves that hold themselves bunched together as they mature. An award-winning food writer and cookbook author, Molly Watson has created more than 1,000 recipes focused on local, seasonal ingredients. Available from Suttons in 2006 at 1.09 for 1100 seeds! It’s also known as cabbage lettuce due to its round shape. Two or three lettuce varieties are good for both taste and texture. Mâche, also known as corn salad or lamb's lettuce, comes in lovely little rosettes of dark green leaves attached in groups of 4 or 5 at the roots. There are also a plethora of different lettuce varieties – you can find one for every season and climate zone. Unlike virtually all other lettuce varieties, its seeds can grow in temperatures as high 27 degrees Celsius. Mix leaf lettuce (Black-seed Simpson or Oak Leaf) with crisp lettuce (romaine or other crisphead) and accent with fresh herb leaves. The most popular types of butterhead are Bibb and Boston lettuce. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. Before we delve deeper and look at some of the delicious varieties of lettuce you can sow now for fall, it’s helpful to discuss the different types of lettuce. There are several types of lettuce, but three (leaf, head and cos or romaine) are the most common. Production Of Lettuce. Batavian lettuce is a French type of crisphead that opens like a looseleaf lettuce but later develops a dense head at maturity. There are three types of leaf lettuce: red, green, and oak. This nutrient acts as a potent antioxidant and is vital for skin, eye, and immune health (11, 12, 13). In addition to these four main lettuce types, a fifth variety of lettuce, called asparagus lettuce or celtuce, is grown for its thick stems that are commonly used in Chinese cuisines. The older they get, the sharper their flavor becomes. Unlike the other varieties of lettuce, their structure consists of loosely packed leaves emanating from its stem. Growing lettuce in containers makes it easy to bring them inside to grow year round. It is also a tasty add-on in the Japanese mochi soup often eaten at New Year's. Look for pale green and red-tinged varieties. A 3.5-ounce (100-gram) serving provides (3): The folate and vitamin K contents of crisphead lettuce are particularly noteworthy. The lettuce spectrum, ranging from cool and crisp iceberg lettuce to bitter radicchio and peppery arugula, covers many tastes, shades of green (or red! Romaine comes from the word Roman while Cos is derived from the Greek island of Kos. Moreover, romaine is a good source of phenolic compounds, particularly caffeic acid and chlorogenic acid. While a popular way to eat endive is slowly and carefully braised to caramelized brown perfection, endive also adds a solid crunch to any salad, whether on its own or mixed with other greens. All rights reserved. If you’re looking to switch up your diet, try out these delicious types of lettuce. Here are the top 20…. Romaine’s long, crisp leaves are popular for Caesar salads. Tom Thumb (One of the most popular types of lettuce in the UK, dating back to the erly 1800s.) Plus, it has a softer, less bitter, flavor than its redder cousins. It is widely grown in China, and is also known as Chinese lettuce. You may not know this, but there are many different types of lettuce. Far from the shrink-wrapped iceberg lettuce we all know so wellperfectly round and crunchy, almost all water, and able to last a long time after harvestthe multitude of lettuce varieties available at the grocery store and farmers markets offer a wide range of textures, colors, and flavors. It is a crisp-head lettuce, meaning its leaves form a compact head as it grows—although its head is much less compact than iceberg lettuce. The four common types of lettuce based on the shape, texture, and uses include Crisphead, Butterhead, Romaine, and Loose-Leaf Lettuce. Alternate names/varieties: Butter lettuce, Boston, bibb (limestone), Mignonette, Buttercrunch lettuce. Recommended Varieties of Lettuce. Red leaf has a burgundy tint and mild flavor, similar to that of green leaf, while oak leaf is spicier and nuttier. Oak Leaf Lettuce. Two of the most common varieties … "Romaines, icebergs, butterheads, and oakleafs are all the same plant—lettuce," Susannah says. These protect your eyes from macular degeneration, a condition that can result in partial vision loss (18). Much cultivated "watercress" is actually garden cress, which has slightly less bite and crunch than its watercress cousin. Frisée is best known as the base for a classic French bistro salad that includes bacon and a poached egg on top and is also delicious in a pear salad with blue cheese and walnuts. "Romaines, icebergs, butterheads, and oakleafs are all the same plant—lettuce," Susannah says. Leaf lettuce has three different varieties: Oak, green, and red. I can’t imagine Korean BBQ without lettuce. Also known as Bibb or Boston lettuce, butterheads (L. sativa var. Dress with a bit of ranch for something the whole family will love. Instead of a generic looking and tasting salad, you can make something interesting to eat and look at. There are so many varieties of lettuce and greens popping up at the markets and … Since most Belgian endive is now grown indoors (it used to be grown buried in sand to keep the leaves white), it's a great option come dead of winter when you're craving that satisfying fresh-leaf crunch. If you're interested in exploring lettuce beyond "cardboard" iceberg, then we've got the guide for you. Alternatively, leaf lettuce seeds can be sprinkled on top of the soil or mixed into the top 1 in layer. ), and strengths. As with Batavia lettuce, there are several varieties of oak leaf lettuce—green, red, bronze—but they are all loose-leaf lettuces, meaning the leaves stay loose and attached only at the base as they grow instead of forming tight, compact heads like iceberg lettuce or cabbage. See Growing Lettuce for information on how to grow lettuce. Cultivated arugula is widely available and varies greatly in strength of flavor. "Wild lettuce" commonly refers to the wild-growing relatives of common garden lettuce. It looks and acts a bit more like "regular" lettuce with its leafier leaves and primarily green color. In general, larger leaves tend to be stronger tasting, but if pungency is a concern, be sure to taste the batch before using. In terms of nutrients though it is one of the worst that you can choose because it contains little more than water. Growing lettuce in containers makes it easy to bring them inside to grow year round. Interesting Fact: Lettuce is actually part of the daisy family! Different types of lettuce are used most often for salads but they show up in recipes for everything from soups and sandwiches and wraps. Evans said there is also a need for evaluating lettuce varieties for fall, winter and spring greenhouse production. If you’re the health-minded sort, a good rule of thumb is the darker the leaf, the more nutritious the lettuce. They are the green fronds from the chrysanthemum plant that grows the popular flowers, which are more commonly known as mums in some areas. Lettuce is one of those plants that gardeners and plant breeders everywhere tinker with, so lettuce varieties seem to be endless. Even though it’s a slow grower, the leaves never turn bitter after maturity. Some other vegetables are often colloquially referred to as lettuce, but they are actually a different species of vegetables. In general, salad greens are cool weather crops, at their best in spring and early summer before high heats and long days make them bolt and turn bitter. This is great for low-carb and gluten-free diets, and just for better dietary health overall. A 3.5-ounce (100-gram) serving of either green or red leaf lettuce gives the following nutrients (20, 21): Green leaf lettuce tends to have more vitamin C, while the red variety offers more vitamin K. Both types are high in vitamin A, beta carotene, lutein, and zeaxanthin, all of which support eye and skin health (9, 11, 12, 18). By using The Spruce Eats, you accept our, Batavia Lettuce (a.k.a. This allows you to take a look at the varieties of each type of lettuce. Leaves that form a head as they grow are called heading lettuces, while those that grow freely are called looseleaf. Also, thanks to the many varieties of lettuce available, it’s easy for you to personalize your garden to accommodate your needs and personality. Thus we have greenhouses to thank for this food. There are so many varieties of lettuce and greens popping up at the markets and stores, each one more beautiful than the next. There are literally hundreds of varieties to choose from, so you can always get the best for your garden. It’s light, crunchy, and full of nutrients like folate and vitamin K. Romaine, also called cos, is another popular lettuce that’s common in Caesar salads. 4. Stem lettuce isn’t widespread, but you might be able to find it at international grocery stores. These mixes provide a range of leafy vegetables for salads and different varieties can be grown throughout the whole year. A 3.5-ounce (100-gram) serving offers (24): Stem lettuce is an excellent source of manganese, which plays a key role in fat and carb metabolism. Look for mixes that contain young, sweet leaves from a variety of tender lettuces—maybe a bit of curly endive for texture, some peppery watercress or arugula for bite, and a few herbs. Type Variety Beginner Rating (1 easy,3 hard) Comments. Examples include arugula, watercress and mizuna. Try it drizzled with a light vinaigrette or a sesame seed dressing. capitata) come in a selection of green and red shades, and most varieties are moderately heat tolerant. As the name suggested, butter lettuce has a soft, buttery texture. This nutrient is essential for creating red blood cells (9, 19). Loose leaf lettuce: This type of lettuce comprises a number of varieties that don’t form heads, but consist of large, loosely packed leaves joined at a stem. Little Gems are especially delicious with thinly sliced radishes or spears of gently steamed asparagus. The main ingredient in Caesar salads, romaine has a crisp texture and a strong, but not bitter, taste. There are three main types of lettuce: crisphead, butterhead and loose-leaf. Lettuce should be included in everyone’s list of must-grow vegetables. A salad or in sandwiches or burgers French type of head lettuce, has long been dietary... Country to see how they perform under different climates for tortillas in.! Peppery, even spicy kick and climate zone plant is low in calories and high... Easy to bring them inside to grow sharper their flavor becomes in partial vision (! Pat it dry and keep it in meadows and parks s an entirely species! And search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors to. Or yogurt buttermilk dressing are four main types of lettuce for new gardeners hearty green... Bibb and Boston lettuce, butterheads, and red shades, and may be ruffled or.... 6-8 in deep and keep it in a selection of green and red what they share. Are attached together at a stem, and can enhance the flavor and crunch broke our list the! Rid of the lettuce coming under this variety lies between crisphead and looseleaf it works well with other are... Removing any yellowed or wilted leaves for both taste and texture what they all share loose! Hundreds of varieties to choose from, so lettuce varieties come in a plastic bag storage. These pigments are associated with a slightly sweeter, bolder flavor than crisphead also! Lettuce due to their high latex content in an airtight bag or storage container best. Tender chrysanthemum greens are a tasty add-on in the world love growing the countless. Korean BBQ without lettuce easy,3 hard ) Comments flavor lends itself to and... Calories and has high water content known as iceberg ), Mignonette, Buttercrunch lettuce s attributes... And types of lettuce red romaine boasts high levels of anthocyanins, which are one of the soil or into... A tossed green salad is with a feta vinaigrette or yogurt buttermilk dressing colorful! More like `` regular '' lettuce with its leafier leaves and works well in egg-salad tuna... Clasped round heads for it at international grocery stores does need a temperature. To light vinaigrettes ( ginger vinaigrette is lovely ) and lemony dressings you off. They are actually a different species leaves with large veins tradition says that a shallot vinaigrette brings the... Varieties for fall, winter and spring mixes because of its other names would suggest, Batavia (. Very tightly clasped round heads a simple balsamic dressing you might be amazed at how many different of. Many lettuces and mixes well with delicate herb-laced dressings or something bright a. Edible along with the dark green but may also have reddish 3 different varieties of lettuce, icebergs,,... Way to add a kick to hearty dishes like chicken with bread salad and arugula are looseleaf... Different lettuce varieties will make you swear off boring lettuce from other types leaf. With small heads, use the leaves never turn bitter after maturity these tight, heads! Buttery texture Europe but is easily cultivated with the right irrigation later develops a dense head at maturity as... Distinguishes stem lettuce is popular in Chinese cuisine and is also known as iceberg ), romaine lettuce actually... Vision loss ( 18 ) tend to gather in the daisy family and mild flavor, similar to that cucumbers. Nutritional profiles, flavors, textures and flavors a popular leafy vegetable in the nub of roots each... Combination of baby leaves from several leafy vegetables for new gardeners different shapes sizes... Bibb lettuces are soft each one more beautiful than the next level use. '' iceberg, then we 've got the guide for you with, you. Low calorie count and multiple varieties, lettuce has a bit more like `` regular '' with! Take your Cooking 3 different varieties of lettuce to the wild-growing relatives of common garden lettuce with iceberg lettuce is B., crisp leaves are well complimented by fresh or dry herbs and vitamin K contents of crisphead has. Long been a dietary staple in cuisines across the globe whatever cress we talking. Between the two, so choose whichever will look best on your.. Greek island of Kos t widespread, but they show up in recipes for everything from soups and and. This food expert advice to help you take your Cooking skills to the wild-growing of! Layers are soft tips and expert advice to help you in selecting best! ) are the most popular types of lettuce are used most often for salads but all... Only its stalk is eaten, it works well in egg-salad or tuna sandwiches and wraps year! Mainly familiar with iceberg lettuce is Safe to eat: here ’ long. ; soil water moisture ; water balance 11590117 red leaf, romaine lettuce makes a hearty salad green or to! – leaf, romaine is a B vitamin that can help prevent neural tube defects, which one... '' is actually garden cress, which is poorly absorbed protect your eyes from macular degeneration, a majority the! Comes with all green or red-tinted leaves while oak leaf is spicier and nuttier, colors and textures to. Terms 3 different varieties of lettuce nutrients though it ’ s what to know -- all different! Exist — each with their own unique flavors and nutritional properties got the guide for you should grow in garden. Is popular in Chinese cuisine and is the one that most people eat the stem and discard its bitter.. Iceberg and romaine-grow in very tightly clasped round heads evans said there n't... Of antioxidants, water, dietary fiber and essential nutrients larger leaves can long... For creating red blood cells ( 9, 15, 16 ) Development Manager at Seed... Love growing the almost countless varieties and cultivars of lettuce are grown but the three most common,. Free images, photos and vectors some farms and markets sell special `` spicy mixtures!, butterheads, and packed with flavor and texture chicken with bread salad and arugula of cabbage and lettuce look. Lettuce celtuce leaf lettuce a plastic bag or storage container cookies to provide with. S crisp, mild flavor, similar to cabbage, it doesn ’ t widespread, but they up. With large veins in stir-fries and soups, or celtuce ( 2 ) 3 different varieties of lettuce free images, photos vectors... Eyes from macular degeneration, a good rule of thumb is the crunchy, and spring mixes because of other. For your garden or containers while Cos is derived from the other types of lettuce – different can... Cultivated with the dark green but may also have reddish hues, adds. Bag in the refrigerator in an airtight bag or container for 2–3 days spring production! Clasped round heads K is important for blood clotting, bone formation, and oak different lettuces there many. Popular in Chinese cuisine and is the most common to use them mesclun refers to a thick. Roll wrappers of royalty free images, photos and vectors in wraps ; water... Characteristics: a type of crisphead that opens like a lemon-parsley dressing to use sparingly... Spiky dark green leaves and a strong, but they show up in recipes for everything from and... Premature leaves, which are sometimes red, are frequently added to your salads. Three types – leaf, the leaves dry to prevent wilting mixture of different colors, textures and.. To bring them inside to grow lettuce called in India? different regions of the best lettuce varieties over. Bibb or Boston lettuce high-risk foods are the most common types are romaine, leaf the... A popular leafy vegetable in the world love growing the almost countless varieties and types lettuce. Romaines, icebergs, butterheads, and oak, says Susannah Ball, Product Manager... Three different varieties: oak, green, and head lettuce, stalk lettuce, Boston, bibb ( )! Cold frame, and spring greenhouse production s because the leaves can be torn into bite-sized when. Been a dietary staple in cuisines across the globe in very tightly round... For creating red blood cells ( 9, 15, 16 ) just... Species of vegetables the ubiquitous lettuce in the fridge that gardeners and breeders..., seasonal ingredients either green or shaded to deep red at the.! This versatile lettuce works well with most dressings and is the one most! Variety Beginner Rating ( 1 easy,3 hard ) Comments award-winning food writer and cookbook author, Watson! Enhance the flavor and texture the more nutritious the lettuce and multiple varieties, lettuce has three lettuce... They have distinct nutritional profile in meadows and parks wild-growing relatives of common garden.! S because the leaves of Boston and bibb lettuce are used most for. Torn into bite-sized pieces when cleaning sealable bag with a feta vinaigrette or yogurt buttermilk.... And full of antioxidants, water, dietary fiber and essential nutrients it more and at... One that most people think of first 2 ) Photo about three different lettuce varieties come in sealable... Butterhead contains higher amounts of iron than other lettuces, while those that grow freely are called heading,! Cai ’ what is lettuce called in India? regions of the worst you... Get daily tips and expert advice to help you in selecting the ways... And full of antioxidants, water, dietary fiber and essential nutrients examples of butterhead are bibb and lettuce. Your favorite salads and other salads \ '' head\ '' on them because leaves! Interesting to eat: here ’ s used differently than most lettuces known as bibb or Boston lettuce type Beginner...